How to Draw

Drawing is one of the most basic forms of art, dating back thousands of years. It was used to illustrate the first fires by stone-age men, used as a written language by the Egyptians, and today, we use it to express our innermost feelings. Becoming a master artist doesn’t have to take hundreds of hours, and with a daily dose of practice with the right tools and techniques, you can learn how to draw in a short amount of time.

 

Equipment

Pencils

The simplest tool of drawers is the pencil. Drawing pencils range in different hardness from 9H (being the hardest) to 9B (being the softest). In-between these there are F and HB pencils. Softer pencils are easier to erase and are preferred for artists. Trying a greater range of pencils can allow your art to change in depth, grades, and gradients. Avoid mechanical pencils as the graphite in them can be hard and difficult to erase.

Pens

Pens aren’t generally used by new artists. They are much more difficult to control on paper, and drawing pens aren’t as forgiving as they can’t be erased. Most pens for drawers feature fiber nibs allowing for smoother ink flow than what ball-point pens offer. They give great variants in thickness, and are recommended for comic artists and those that need to outline their work.

Other hand tools that drawers use can range from markers to crayons to chalk.

Paper

Purchasing the right type of paper for the type of drawing you will be doing is necessary. Papers come in different weights and each serves a different paper. Lighter papers are good for tracing and sketching, while heavier papers will be used for more permanent and technical art pieces. If you are a new artist, purchase a basic sketchbook to draw while you are on the go.

Elements and Principles of Art

When studying art, every artist will learn about the elements and principles of art. The elements of art are what are considered the building blocks of art. They are line, color, form, shape, texture, value, and space.

Emphasis, balance, harmony, variety, movement, rhythm, proportion, and unity are the principles of art. They are basic guidelines that an artist “should” follow to create a masterpiece.

In the end, there are no true guidelines and rules to creating a great work of drawn art. Practicing on a daily basis using what your imagination provides you will make the best art. Nothing has to be drawn perfect, and history shows that. Picasso and Van Gogh are two examples that drew outside the box and now have drawings and paintings worth millions.

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